Various international and regional instruments are part of the international legal framework on firearms. While demonstrating the complexity and multidimensionality of firearms-related problems, this multiplicity also illustrates the need for diverse and multidisciplinary approaches and the central role that firearms continue to play on the international agenda. Many countries have developed national strategies and action plans, but their implementation often faces difficulties. In general, there is a lack of resources allocated to their implementation, horizontal accountability and political incentives. Morocco provides an example of a comprehensive plan and strategy, including concrete action plans, preliminary indicators of implementation results and a comprehensive monitoring and evaluation plan. The Compendium of the International and National Legal Framework on Child Marriage provides an overview of the main international, regional and national legal instruments relating to the right to marry with the full and free consent of the intending spouses, and the government`s obligation to legislate. Measures to abolish child marriage. The compendium consists of thematic chapters with links to source documents such as UN conventions, regional treaties, national constitutions and laws. The rules of national defence include all laws relating to the roles, duties and responsibilities of national defence institutions, as well as the rules governing national defence procedures.
These include legislation defining the rights and obligations of the armed forces; departmental roles and responsibilities; the conditions under which national defence takes place; the conditions under which all other defensive operations inside and outside the territory are conducted; administrative and financial management arrangements; the government`s emergency considerations; etc. Defence legislation should be in line with all relevant international standards and best practices in good governance. This includes democratic control; anti-corruption and integrity-building measures; Codes; respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms; supervision, monitoring and evaluation procedures; accountability and transparency; Responsiveness and efficiency. Military justice is a separate legal system that applies to members of the armed forces and, in some cases, to civilians. The main purpose of military justice is to maintain discipline and order in the armed forces. The structures, rules and procedures of military justice may differ significantly from their civilian counterparts. Typically, the military justice system operates in a separate judicial system with stricter rules and procedures to enforce internal discipline and ensure the operational effectiveness of the armed forces. This can lead to questions about the principle of civil supremacy or questions about compliance with international standards such as human rights and fair trial guarantees. As with other legal documents at national level dealing with trafficking in human beings, it is necessary to stress the importance of a number of accompanying strategies and action plans. The 2006 Strategy to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings. identifies a number of levels at which we must act to achieve the desired objectives: institutional framework, prevention, assistance, protection and reintegration of victims, international cooperation, monitoring and evaluation of results. National Action Plan to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings for the period 2009-2011.
lists and analyses various objectives, such as raising awareness of human trafficking, reducing risk factors, improving the identification of victims. Anti-trafficking issues are also addressed in the Migration Management Strategy, Strategy for Combating Illegal Migration in the Republic of Serbia for the period 2009. by 2014, the Integrated Border Management Strategy, the National Strategy for the Prevention and Protection of Children against Violence and the accompanying Action Plan for its implementation, followed by the National Strategy for the Advancement of Women and the Promotion of Gender Equality with its Action Plan for its implementation, and the Strategy for the Improvement of the Situation of Roma in the Republic of Serbia and the Action Plan for its Implementation. The most important law in this area is the Criminal Code of the Republic of Serbia of 2003. which contains the legal qualification of the offence of trafficking in human beings (Article 388) and also provides for a penalty for this act. The main text of the Act was subsequently amended, for example, the minimum penalty for committing the basic form of this offence was increased from two to three years or from five years if the victim was a minor. The law clearly describes and enumerates the acts that are to be considered crimes of trafficking in human beings, and then indicates the objectives to which they apply and the types of exploitation resulting from these acts. The Criminal Code also provides for penalties for persons who knew or could have known of the commission of the acts constituting this crime, and its criminalization is not affected by the victim`s possible consent to exploitation. 1999, Land Code: – Defines the framework and principles for the ownership, use and lease, transfer and related compensation of land. It defines the property rights of the State, municipalities, individuals and legal persons.
These forms of property are also recognized and protected by the State. – States stipulate that only Azerbaijani citizens can own plots of land and foreigners can only rent them. – Empower the state and municipalities to reclaim land for municipal and public needs. – Contains rules on land rights registration, property assessment, and property taxation and payments. It also defines roles for the resolution of land disputes. – stipulates that rights to plots must be registered in the State Land Register and the State Land Register. Unregistered rights are not protected by the State (15). Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Plan of Action to Combat Cross-Border Crime (1999) 1999, Civil Code: – Contains provisions on how to carry out real estate transactions. It defines the types of legal interests that can apply to real estate in general and land in particular. – Requires that legal interests in immovable property be registered (15).
Led by the World Bank`s Legal Vice President, the following compendiums of international and national legal frameworks constitute a set of practical tools that not only inform existing laws, but also provide a basis for helping countries identify opportunities to intensify their efforts in these priority areas.